Mathematical biology is one of the most exciting and fastest growing areas of Mathematics, it is typically a collaboration between a Mathematician and a biologist. Advances in technology have dramatically increased the amount of quantitative data that is available across many areas of biology, leading to an urgent need for Mathematical and statistical models to help analyse, interpret and explain those data. They are determined in an iterative process of simulations aimed at achieving good fit with the experimental data. In a way one can say that Mathematics advances biology and Biology might inspire a new form or branch of Mathematics. The different areas that get focused are:
Mathematics of conservation: Model to solve conservation problems
Mathematical Neuroscience: Models on genetic and environmental factors constrain and guide the process of neuroscience.
Mathematical Modeling: Developing a model for a wide variety of biological phenomena covering most of the known branches.