Conduction is the most common means of heat transfer as it deals with the transfer of heat through physical contact. This transfer occurs at a molecular level and the heat that is absorbed by the surface of the molecules helps them move to the next body very quickly. There are mainly four conditions that affect the process of conduction, they are

 

 

 

•          The temperature gradient

 

•          The cross-section of the body

 

•          The path length

 

•          The characteristics of the materials

 

 

 

The temperature gradient refers to the direction and the rate at which temperature changes in the body. The cross-section of the path is important because as the size of the material increases conduction also increases. Similarly, the length of the path decreases conduction is made faster. The physical property of the material is also extremely important as certain objects have an innate characteristic to transfer this heat faster and more efficiently what we called as conductors

 

 

 

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