NASA aims to create the coldest spot in the universe on board the International Space Station (ISS) inside The Cold Atom Laboratory (CAL) which is a compact instrument having the shape of our regular household box where the scientist hopes to freeze an atom to one-billionth of a degree above absolute zero which is the lowest possible temperature ever reached in our universe. They hope to keep the atom motionless by making use of lasers and also magnets to trap and observe the moments of these atoms. The microgravity of the ISS, atoms are expected to retain this state of matter for up to 10 seconds. The studies also predict that the experiment, if successful can give us more idea of the quantum states of the atom and CAL will knock out the current record holder for the coldest place in the universe: the Boomerang Nebula, located 5,000 light-years away, which plunges to minus 458 degrees F.

 

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