Quark Nova is a violent explosion that occurs when a neutron star is converted to a quark star. It is presumed that this violent explosion is what marks the birth of a quark star. A neutron star gets converted to a quark star through a process called quark di-confinement.  The end result would have a star that is created with quark matter in its interior.  This process releases an immense amount of energy and is quite easily one of the most energetic explosions in the known universe.  Studies show that the resulting energy might be as much as 1047 Joules. It is also believed that a quark-nova makes Gamma-ray burst and may also be involved in producing heavy metals such as Platinum in its Core. Scientists have confirmed that spinning neutron stars whose masses lie between 1.5 and 1.8 solar mass are idealy the optimum candidates to get converted to a quark star.

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