Degenerate Matter is an example of Paulis exclusion principle where a highly dense state of fermionic matter occupies high states of kinetic energy. It is mainly applicable in dense stellar objects where the quantum mechanical effects are significant enough due to the immense gravitational pressure. Typical examples include the final evolutionary states of stars such as dwarf stars and neutron stars. The degenerate matter is usually modelled as an Ideal Fermi Gas as a collection of non-interacting fermions and the concept of degeneracy pressure keep dense stars in equilibrium irrespective of the thermal structure of the star. A degenerate mass whose fermions have velocities close to the speed of light is called relativistic degenerate matter.
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