Maglev is a word that is derived from the combination of two words – magnetic and levitation. It is a train transportation system that makes use of two sets of magnets for frictionless transportation. One set of magnets is used to repel and push the train up off the track while the other set is to move the 'floating train' forward. The underlining advantage that maglev offers is that it is a frictionless means of transport and the entire train does not have any moving parts. Its stability and speed are determined by a guideway of magnets which makes the whole process quieter and smoother than conventional trains and is also a faster means of transport. The disadvantage is that this system is extremely energy consuming and requires a tremendous amount of energy for a train of this size. Despite over a century of research and development, maglev transport systems are in operation in just three countries namely, Japan, South Korea and China.
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