A quark is a type of elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter. They have no apparent structure and cannot be resolved into something smaller. Due to a phenomenon known as color confinement, quarks are never directly observed or found in isolation. They can be found only within hadrons, which exist as either baryons or as mesons. They interact by means of the strong force and they associate with one another to make up protons and neutrons. There are six types of Quarks, known as flavors, they include: up, down, strange, charm, bottom, and top. The quark model was independently proposed by physicists Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig in 1964. According to QCD, Just as photons carry electromagnetic force, gluons transmit the forces that bind quarks together. Quarks change their colour as they emit and absorb gluons, and the exchange of gluons maintains proper quark colour distribution. All combinations of quarks must contain mixtures of imaginary colours that cancel out one another, with the resulting particle having no net colour.

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